Hedonism is a broad category of philosophical though that encompasses any system that places “pleasure” as being the intrinsic good, or the only thing that is considered good by itself independent of all other things.
Hedonism is the philosophical principle that places pleasure and gratification as the intrinsic good. In other words, pleasure and gratification are the only things that can be deemed good by themselves independent of all other things.
There are three distinct types of hedonism differentiated by proponents of the doctrine that enjoyment is the good:
- Psychological Hedonism: Pleasure is the solitary possible purpose of desire or pursuit. This may be held on observational bases, or be thought to be dictated by the significance of ‘desire.’
- Evaluative Hedonism: Pleasure is what we are supposed to desire and pursue.
- Rationalizing Hedonism: Pleasure is the only object that makes a pursuit sensible.
- “Pleasure and the Good Life: Concerning the Nature, Varieties, and Plausibility of Hedonism” by Fred Feldman
- “Sex, Drugs & Rock n Roll: The Science of Hedonism and the Hedonism of Science” by Zoe Cormier